Thursday, October 29, 2015

Keywords to be used when describing the structure and versification: part 2

17. minor art verse (2-8) = short lines of two to eight syllables each
18. major art verse (9+) = lines that are longer than nine syllables
19. trios, quartets = stanzas consisting of three, respectively four lines
20. cinquain = stanzas in which the lines rhyme following the pattern ABABB
21. sonnet = a poem consisting of four stanzas – two quartets, two trios – whose rhyme follow the pattern ABBA, ABBA, CDC, DCD (Shakespeare’s sonnet’s are the most famous in this category)
22. ballad = a popular story in lyrics, narrated in short stanzas
23. syllables, verses, stanzas, poems = the four basic units in poetry: poems are made of stanzas, stanzas are made of verses (or lines), and verses are made of syllables
24. free verse = a type of poem that has neither rhyme nor rhythm
25. blank verse = verses that follow rhythm, but do not rhyme (most commonly used in iambic pentameters)
26. types of words = parts of speech (noun, verb, adjective, etc.)
27. punctuation marks = marks used in poetry, as well as in prose, for syntactic and semantic purposes – showing that a message has ended, emphasizing a question, an order, a pause, etc – but also for artistic reasons: the use of elipses (“...”) can imply thoughtfullness or doubt, a dash (“-“) can signal a change of thought etc.
28. repetition = a word that appears multiple times in a line or stanza

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