Literary texts work as an act of communication that features the following characteristics:
It’s the result of the author’s creation, who wants it to last and preserve the exact same original form.
The communication that the literary work establishes with the reader is unilateral. The reader doesn’t establish a direct relation with the author, only with the message, with the author’s work (differed communication). At the same time, this happens only when the reader actively wants it to. The initiative to communicate corresponds to the reader.
The work is not aimed at a particular person, but at many or a few unknown people, contemporary or future readers (universal receiver).
Literary communication is uninterested; it doesn’t have an immediate practical objective. On the contrary, it has an aesthetic nature, it tries to produce reactions in one’s spirit caused by beauty. Regardless, it’s equally true that some authors sometimes write in favor of a specific cause, in order to promote changes in society or to condemn certain situations.